Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Airlangga Surabaya (2010)
Cervical cancer is the most frequent cancer in women. Pap smear is the early detection method to detect cervical cancer. Pre-cancerous lesion can be detected by routinely pap smear.
The objective of this research was to know about social behavior to prevent cervical cancer and to determine the correlation between routinely pap smear with the condition of pre-cancerous lesion or cervical cancer when firstly diagnosed.
This study used epidemiologic analytic observational and cross-sectional method. One hundred and six samples were retrieved consecutively from Poli Onkologi Satu Atap RSU Dr. Soetomo during August-September 2009. Condition of the cervical lesion of the samples, were collected from medical record, were divided into pre-cancerous lesion and cervical cancer. Data of routinely pap smear were collected from questioner sheet. Data were analyzed using chi-square.
The result showed that 68% patients with pre-cancerous lesion do routinely pap smear and only 32% not do routinely pap smear. In patients with cervical cancer, 92,59% not do routinely pap smear and 7,4% do routinely pap smear. There is a correlation between routinely pap smear with pre-cancerous lesion and cervical cancer (p=0,000).
In conclusion, there is a correlation between routinely pap smear with pre-cancerous lesion and cervical cancer when firstly diagnosed. Most of patient with cervical cancer not routinely do pap smear, but most of patient with pre-cancerous lesion do routinely pap smear